A Tour Of The Best Castles in Ireland



Castles in Ireland

Affiliate Disclaimer: As an affiliate, we may earn a commission from qualifying purchases. We get commissions for purchases made through links on this website from Amazon and other third parties.

Embark on an enchanting journey through time as you explore Ireland’s most majestic castles! Each towering fortress and elegant manor is a treasure chest filled with gripping tales, architectural wonders, and hauntingly beautiful landscapes.

Dive into the mystery, marvel at the grandeur, and experience the irresistible allure of Ireland’s historic castles – an adventure like no other awaits you!

So, come on and take a journey to the Emerald Isle and explore the many wonders of Ireland’s majestic castles.

Key Takeaways

  • Ireland boasts a rich collection of castles, each with their own unique history and architecture.
  • Some of the most notable castles to visit include Blarney Castle, Kilkenny Castle, Trim Castle, and Cahir Castle.
  • A tour of Ireland’s castles offers a chance to explore the country’s fascinating past and immerse oneself in medieval culture.
  • For those seeking a more adventurous experience, ghost sightings and secret passageways can be found at Leap Castle, making it a must-visit destination for thrill-seekers.

List of 15 Best Castles To Visit in Ireland

  1. Kilkenny Castle (County Kilkenny)
  2. Trim Castle (County Meath)
  3. Malahide Castle (County Dublin)
  4. Dublin Castle (County Dublin)
  5. Leap Castle (County Offaly)
  6. Rock of Cashel (County Tipperary)
  7. Blarney Castle (County Cork)
  8. Cahir Castle (County Tipperary)
  9. Bunratty Castle (County Clare)
  10. Dromoland Castle (County Clare)
  11. King John’s Castle (Limerick City)
  12. Ross Castle (County Kerry)
  13. Castle Leslie (County Monaghan)
  14. Carrickfergus Castle (County Antrim, Northern Ireland)
  15. Ashford Castle (County Mayo)

Old Irish Castles In Leinster

Kilkenny Castle

Kilkenny Castle, an enchanting architectural gem located in the heart of Kilkenny City, is a testament to over 800 years of Ireland’s turbulent history. Erected by the Normans in the 12th century, it was the principal seat of the powerful Butler family for centuries, with their rich influence evident in its grandeur.

Originally built as a defense structure, the castle evolved into a stately mansion in the 19th century, bearing striking Victorian modifications. Its stone walls house art galleries with world-class paintings and sculptures, showcasing a cultural lineage that merges both Irish and international artists. The elegant interior showcases pristine furniture and decor, demonstrating the family’s wealth and status, while outside, the vast gardens envelop visitors with tranquility.

An attraction in itself, the castle is also a portal to the past. Visitors can walk through the vast halls, imagining the great feasts and elegant balls that once took place there, with every crevice telling its unique tale. The panoramic view from the castle’s rooftop is breathtaking, overlooking the city and the River Nore, offering a picturesque vista that captures the true beauty of Ireland.

Trim Castle

Trim Castle, the largest Anglo-Norman castle in Ireland, majestically overlooks the town of Trim in County Meath. Constructed over a thirty-year period by Hugh de Lacy and his son Walter, the castle played a pivotal role in the history of the region.

The castle’s unique design, featuring a three-storied keep with twenty corners, illustrates the development of military architecture during the 12th and 13th centuries. Walking through the castle, one can explore the grand halls, chambers, and fortifications, all remnants of a turbulent past.

Historically, Trim Castle was a center of administration for Meath, one of the new administrative areas of the 12th-century Norman-ruled Ireland. It was also used as a filming location for the blockbuster movie “Braveheart,” making it a popular destination for film enthusiasts.

Visitors can tour the well-preserved keep and castle grounds, gaining insight into the life and traditions of the Anglo-Norman period. The castle’s surroundings include a reconstructed medieval herb garden, providing a sense of the horticultural practices of the time.

Malahide Castle

Located just north of Dublin in the picturesque seaside town of Malahide, Malahide Castle is a captivating architectural marvel with a history that stretches back over 800 years. The castle was home to the Talbot family from 1185 until 1975, making it one of the oldest continually inhabited castles in Ireland.

This enchanting structure is a patchwork of architectural styles, reflecting the changes of the centuries. From the medieval towers of the original castle to the Victorian walled gardens, the castle serves as a visual history book of Irish design. The castle’s interiors are just as diverse and fascinating, displaying period furniture, historical portraits, and intricate wood carvings, providing a glimpse into the lifestyle of the Irish aristocracy.

A tour of Malahide Castle reveals a wealth of stories, including the fateful morning of the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 when 14 members of the Talbot family breakfasted together for the last time, as all but one were dead by evening.

Dublin Castle

Dublin Castle, located in the very heart of Dublin City, is a magnificent historic landmark that embodies Ireland’s rich and complex past. Constructed initially as a defensive fortification for the Norman city of Dublin, it later evolved to serve as a royal residence, before becoming the epicenter of English, and later British, rule in Ireland until 1922.

The castle showcases a mix of architectural styles, reflecting its adaptations over the centuries. The Record Tower, the last intact medieval tower, not only illustrates the castle’s defensive purposes but also contrasts with the 18th-century Georgian palace.

Within its walls, the castle houses the Gothic Chapel Royal, the grand State Apartments, and the ornate St. Patrick’s Hall, which is now used for presidential inaugurations. The beautifully decorated rooms and their exquisite works of art provide a fascinating insight into the ceremonial and political life of past centuries.

The castle also hides beneath it an intriguing Viking Excavation site, revealing that the history of the site predates the castle itself, reaching back to Dublin’s Viking origins. The Chester Beatty Library, located on the grounds, holds a collection of manuscripts, rare books, and other treasures from Asia, the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe.

Leap Castle

Credit Wikipedia

Leap Castle, located in Coolderry, County Offaly, is an atmospheric Irish stronghold with a history as captivating as it is chilling. The castle’s origins date back to the 13th century and it was the ancestral home of the O’Carroll clan, notorious for their fierce territorial disputes and inter-family conflict.

Architecturally, Leap Castle is a typical Irish tower house with a large hall at its upper level, a maze of dungeons below, and battlements providing commanding views of the surrounding countryside. Its architecture encapsulates the power and status of its past inhabitants and the need for strategic defense.

What sets Leap Castle apart is its reputation as one of the most haunted castles in the world. The castle is shrouded in stories of treachery, murder, and supernatural activity. The infamous ‘Bloody Chapel’ is where the notorious ‘O’Carroll Massacre’ took place, where one brother, a priest, was brutally killed by another mid-service, in front of the whole family.

Famous Ireland Castles in Leinster

Rock of Cashel

The Rock of Cashel, also known as St. Patrick’s Rock, is a historic site in County Tipperary that’s steeped in symbolism and folklore. This ancient royal site of the kings of Munster features a unique combination of ecclesiastical monuments set against the backdrop of the lush Irish countryside.

The site’s most imposing building, the well-preserved round tower, dates back to around 1100. Nearby, the Romanesque Cormac’s Chapel houses one of Ireland’s most important collections of medieval wall paintings. The sprawling Cathedral, built between 1230 and 1270, stands as a testament to the grandeur of ecclesiastical architecture in the Middle Ages.

According to local legend, it was here that St. Patrick converted King Aengus to Christianity in the 5th century. The story tells of St. Patrick accidentally stabbing the King with a crozier during the baptism, a scene which is often depicted in depictions of the saint.

The Rock of Cashel is more than just a collection of ancient buildings. It’s a place of power and mystery, where every stone and carving whispers tales of kings, saints, and scholars. The panoramic views of the surrounding plains from the Rock are truly breathtaking.

Blarney Castle

Blarney Castle, a medieval stronghold in Blarney, near Cork, Ireland, is renowned worldwide for the legendary Blarney Stone. Built by the McCarthy clan in the 15th century, the castle stands as an impressive example of the resilience and grandeur of Irish fortifications.

The architecture features typical elements of a medieval fortress, including a great tower, battlements, and dungeons. However, Blarney Castle’s most famous feature is housed at the top of the tower – the Blarney Stone. According to local lore, anyone who kisses the Blarney Stone is gifted with eloquence, or as the Irish say, “the gift of the gab”. This has drawn countless visitors from around the globe, including literary figures and world leaders, all eager to partake in this centuries-old tradition.

But Blarney Castle offers more than just the legendary stone. Its sprawling grounds are home to lush gardens, including the bewitching Rock Close, a garden filled with druidic monuments and fairy glades that spark the imagination. The Poison Garden hosts a collection of poisonous plants from around the world, including wolfsbane, mandrake, and the infamous deadly nightshade.

Cahir Castle

Cahir Castle, one of Ireland’s largest and best-preserved castles, sits on a rocky island in the River Suir in the heart of Cahir town, County Tipperary. The castle was originally a 13th-century defensive structure founded by the powerful O’Brien family, before passing into the hands of the Butler family.

Boasting a robust structure, the castle features a tower, keep, and defensive walls fitted with narrow slit windows, allowing archers to pick off oncoming attackers while staying protected. Its architecture reflects a strong focus on defense, with a portcullis, murder holes, and other defensive mechanisms, illustrating the turbulent history of the period.

One of the castle’s highlights is its beautifully recreated Great Hall, which offers an immersive experience of what life was like in the Middle Ages. The audio-visual show further transports visitors back in time, providing a comprehensive understanding of the castle’s history.

Bunratty Castle

Bunratty Castle, located in County Clare, is one of Ireland’s most authentic and complete medieval fortresses. Constructed in the 15th century by the powerful MacNamara family, the castle is nestled in the heart of Bunratty village, making it a cornerstone of Irish heritage.

The castle’s architecture is robust and commanding, featuring a square keep with high walls and formidable towers. Inside, the castle houses a remarkable collection of medieval furnishings, tapestries, and works of art, providing a fascinating insight into 15th-century life.

One of the unique attractions of Bunratty Castle is its famous medieval banquets. Visitors can experience an evening of traditional Irish cuisine, music, and storytelling, offering an immersive journey back to medieval times. These banquets have become a must-do event for many travelers to Ireland.

Adjacent to the castle is the Bunratty Folk Park, an open-air museum that recreates rural and urban life in 19th-century Ireland. With over 30 buildings, including a schoolhouse, post office, and various types of traditional homes, it offers an enlightening and engaging exploration of Ireland’s past.

Dromoland Castle

Credit: Dromoland Castle Hotel
Credit: Dromoland Castle Hotel

Dromoland Castle, located in County Clare, is one of Ireland’s finest luxury castle hotels. Steeped in history, the castle was the ancestral home of the O’Brien clan, direct descendants of Brian Boru, the High King of Ireland.

Constructed in the 16th century, the castle is a stunning example of neo-Gothic architecture. Its stone-grey exterior is adorned with turrets and battlements, while inside, guests can find luxurious rooms and suites, each uniquely designed with period decor, antique furniture, and modern comforts.

As a hotel, Dromoland Castle offers an unparalleled experience of Irish aristocratic life. The castle is renowned for its world-class dining, spa facilities, golf course, and array of country pursuits. Guests can explore the 450-acre estate with activities such as horseback riding, archery, falconry, and fishing.

The castle’s grounds are a masterpiece of landscape design, boasting walled gardens, tranquil lakes, and sprawling woodlands. The manicured lawns and beautiful rose gardens add to the castle’s charm and offer peaceful retreats to visitors.

King John’s Castle, Limerick

King John’s Castle, standing proudly on King’s Island in the heart of Limerick city, is a monument to the city’s medieval past. Built in the 13th century on the orders of King John of England, this stronghold showcases the pinnacle of Norman military architecture with its robust curtain castle walls and towering turrets.

The castle is more than just an architectural wonder; it’s a journey through history. Visitors can explore the courtyard and battlements, offering breathtaking views of the city and the River Shannon. Its thick walls house an impressive visitor center where interactive exhibitions breathe life into 800 years of history. The displays, which utilize 21st-century touchscreen technology, 3D models, and discovery drawers, invite visitors to delve into the castle’s fascinating past.

One can also learn about archaeological excavations that have revealed relics and remnants of bygone eras, including pre-Norman settlements. The excavated foundations of Viking houses, fortifications, and siege mines in the castle grounds attest to the site’s strategic importance throughout the centuries.

Ross Castle

Ross Castle, a majestic 15th-century fortress nestled on the edge of Killarney’s lower lake in Killarney National Park, is a spellbinding slice of Ireland’s history. Perched in County Kerry, this castle is a symbol of defiant resistance and remarkable architectural prowess.

Constructed by O’Donoghue Mór, an Irish chieftain, the castle epitomizes the stronghold of a clan leader during the Middle Ages. Its tower house is surrounded by a fortified bawn, with flanking towers that are particularly noteworthy examples of their type, bearing testimony to Ireland’s distinctive medieval military architecture.

Steeped in legends and folklore, the castle’s history comes alive with tales of its former inhabitant chieftain who is said to sleep under the waters of Lough Leane, emerging every seven years on a white horse. Visiting Ross Castle is not just about admiring the impressive stone structures, it’s about immersing yourself in the spirit of a bygone era.

Irish Castles in Ulster

Castle Leslie

Castle Leslie Credit Castle Leslie Hotel
Castle Leslie Credit Castle Leslie Hotel

Glaslough, Monaghan, H18 FY04
Wedding Capacity: 260 guests

Castle Leslie Estate, nestled within the verdant Irish countryside in County Monaghan, is one of the last great Irish Castle estates still in the hands of its founding family. The Leslie family has owned the estate since the 1660s, creating an authentic and intimate atmosphere that is filled with charming historical character.

A mixture of architectural styles reflects the castle’s evolution over the centuries. Inside, the castle is a treasure trove of historical mementos and family heirlooms, from antique furniture to historical paintings, each piece telling its unique story. The original interiors, preserved with great care, boast ornate ceilings, grand chandeliers, and elegantly appointed rooms that transport guests to a bygone era.

Castle Leslie is not only an historical marvel, it’s also set within 1,000 acres of undulating Irish countryside, dotted with ancient woodlands and glittering lakes, providing an enchanting backdrop to this timeless estate. The estate offers numerous activities including equestrian pursuits, clay pigeon shooting, and fishing.

Carrickfergus Castle

Situated on the northern shore of Belfast Lough in County Antrim, Carrickfergus Castle is a formidable and remarkably well-preserved medieval structure. Dating back to 1177, the castle was built by Anglo-Norman knight John de Courcy, reflecting the architectural style of the Normans, characterized by its sturdy stone construction and robust defensive features.

Dominating the town’s skyline, the castle’s massive keep and imposing defensive walls reveal the strategic importance of Carrickfergus during the Middle Ages. Despite numerous sieges and attacks, the castle stands as an enduring symbol of Northern Ireland’s tumultuous past. Today, it provides an immersive historical experience, with exhibits that bring to life the castle’s history and the people who lived there.

Inside the castle, you can explore the banqueting hall, living quarters, and storerooms that offer a glimpse into medieval life. The towering keep houses historical displays, including cannons from the 17th to 19th centuries.

Irish Castles in Connacht

Ashford Castle

Ashford Castle Credit Wikipedia

Nestled on the banks of Lough Corrib and the River Cong in County Mayo, Ashford Castle is a timeless portal into Ireland’s opulent past. The castle dates to 1228, the castle was originally built by the Anglo-Norman de Burgo family, later becoming the country estate of the Guinness family, and now operates as a five-star luxury hotel.

Ashford Castle’s stunning architecture, which spans several eras, is as eclectic as its history. The castle incorporates medieval towers, Victorian extensions, and more recent additions, creating a striking silhouette against the verdant Irish countryside. Each room and suite within the castle is uniquely designed, showcasing antique furniture, original artworks, and modern comforts that offer a blend of historic elegance and contemporary luxury.

On the grounds, the manicured gardens, ancient woodlands, and the tranquil waters of the lake make for an idyllic landscape. Visitors can enjoy a wealth of outdoor pursuits, such as horseback riding, fishing, and even falconry, providing an authentic taste of the Irish sporting tradition.

FAQs on Best Castles in Ireland

What are some of the most famous castles, and where are they located?

Ireland is renowned for its historic and majestic castles, each with its unique charm. The most famous include Blarney Castle in County Cork, known for the Blarney Stone, and Cahir Castle in Tipperary, one of the country’s largest castles. In Northern Ireland, the ruins of Dunluce Castle dramatically perch on a cliff edge, providing picturesque views of the coast.

Donegal Castle, rebuilt in the 17th century, showcases a unique mix of Gaelic and English architectural styles. On the shores of Galway Bay, you’ll find Dunguaire Castle, a 16th-century tower house renowned for its medieval banquets. Belfast Castle in Northern Ireland, while not as old as other castles, boasts an impressive Scottish baronial architecture style and offers stunning views of the city and Belfast Lough.

How do the designs of Irish castles vary?

Irish castles’ architectural styles vary significantly, reflecting the periods in which they were built and the functions they served. Many, like Dunguaire Castle in Galway Bay, are traditional tower houses – a design that was very popular in the Middle Ages.

How many castles are in Ireland?

It’s difficult to pinpoint the exact number of castles in Ireland due to varying definitions of what constitutes a ‘castle’. However, it’s estimated that there are over 30,000 castle sites across the country. Many of these are now ruins, but several have been restored and are open to the public.

What is Ireland’s oldest castle?

The title of Ireland’s oldest castle is often given to the Rock of Cashel in County Tipperary. The site dates back to the 12th century, but its history stretches even further, as it was the traditional seat of the Kings of Munster long before a castle was erected there.

Where is Ireland’s largest castle?

Answer: In terms of size and the area it covers, Dublin Castle, located in the heart of Dublin city, is one of the largest castles in Ireland. However, if we consider the largest intact medieval castle, it would be Trim Castle in County Meath, which remains a remarkably well-preserved example of Anglo-Norman architecture.

What is the most preserved castle in Ireland?

Cahir Castle, located in County Tipperary, is considered one of the best preserved Irish castles. The castle retains its impressive keep, tower, and much of its original defensive structure, giving visitors a genuine feel for medieval castle life.

What is the most visited castle in Ireland?

The most visited castle in Ireland is Blarney Castle, home to the famous Blarney Stone. Millions of visitors come each year to kiss the Blarney Stone and, according to legend, receive the ‘gift of gab’ or great eloquence.

Where are the castles in Ireland?

There are hundreds of castles in Ireland, with over 20 castles in County Louth (the smallest county) alone. We’ve only touched on a few of them here, there are many many more which could make the list including Doe Castle, kylemore castle, and Birr castle and many many more castle ruins and fortified walls. If you are looking for the best wedding castle venues in Ireland check out our guide!

There are at least three castles called king john’s castle. Whether you are looking for stunning medieval architecture or the most haunted castle, castles in County Dublin, in County Galway, in Donegal town or Cork city, there are medieval buildings dotted throughout Ireland, with a little something for everyone. So take a guided tour on a few castles and imagine them back in their former glory.

About the author

Latest posts